Monday, November 27, 2006

The Significance of the Number

In science
The atomic number of neon
The number of carbon atoms in decane, a hydrocarbon.
The number of spacetime dimensions in superstring theory.

Messier object M10, a magnitude 7.5 globular cluster in the constellation Ophiuchus.
The New General Catalogue object NGC 10, a magnitude 12.5 spiral galaxy in the constellation Sculptor
The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on -2467 February 28 and ended on -1169 April 18. The duration of Saros series 10 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 solar eclipses.
The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -2454 June 17 and ended on -1138 August 15. The duration of Saros series 10 was 1316.2 years, and it contained 74 lunar eclipses.

In religion
People traditionally tithed one-tenth of their produce. The practice of tithing is still common in Christian churches today, though it is disputed in some circles as to whether or not it is required of Christians.
In Deuteronomy 26:12, the Torah commands Jews to give one-tenth of their produce to the poor (Ma'aser Ani). The commentaries derive from this and from an earlier verse (Deut. 14:22) that a Jew is obliged to give one-tenth of all his earnings to the poor [1].
The Ten Commandments
The Ten Plagues
The Ten Days of Repentance
The Ten Martyrs
There are said to be Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (those other than Judah and Benjamin)
There are Ten Sephirot in the Kabbalistic Tree of Life
The Torah records 10 generations between Adam and Noah, and 10 generations between Noah and Abraham
It takes 10 men or boys over the age of 13 to make a minyan for communal prayer

In money
There are ten cents in a U.S. or Canadian dime, itself one tenth of a dollar. The word was shortened from decime.
The denomination of Canadian paper money bearing a portrait of Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first Prime Minister.

In masonry
10° - Elu of the Fifteen (Illustrious Elect of the Fifteen)
This degree teaches us to be tolerant and respect the opinions of others. Freedoms of political and spiritual ideologies should be shared by all. The apron of the 10th degree is white, with a black flap, and with three arch-shaped gates - over each a head on a spike. The jewel of this degree is a dagger as in the 9th degree.

In music
The interval of a major or minor tenth is an octave plus a major or minor third.
Ten is the title of several albums:
10 (The Stranglers album), by punk rock band The Stranglers
Ten (Y&T album), by heavy metal band Y&T
10 (LL Cool J album), by hip hop artist LL Cool J
Ten (Pearl Jam album), by rock band Pearl Jam
Ten (cLOUDDEAD album), by rap group cLOUDDEAD
Ten (Astral Projection album), by goa trance group Astral Projection
10 (Kate Rusby album), by British folk musician Kate Rusby
The X Factor (album), by British metal band Iron Maiden
10 (Asleep at the Wheel album), by country band Asleep at the Wheel
#10 (The Guess Who album), by rock band The Guess Who
10 (Timbiriche album), by Latin pop group Timbiriche
10 (Wet Wet Wet album), by pop stars Wet Wet Wet
Ten (Blitzkrieg album), by heavy metal band Blitzkrieg
10 (Enuff Z'Nuff album), by power pop band Enuff Z'nuff
010 (Mad Capsule Markets album), by punk rock band The Mad Capsule Markets
Ten (Ten album), by British melodic rock/hard rock band Ten
10 (John Anderson album), by country musician John Anderson
Ten (DJ dB album), drum n bass artist DJ dB
X Def Leppard's tenth album, simply titled "X", was released in July 2002.
Ten Soul/R&B singer Brian McKnight

In sports
In chess, each side can promote all eight pawns to have a total of ten bishops, knights, or rooks.
In rugby union the fly-half wears the 10 shirt.
In blackjack, the Ten, Jack, Queen and King are all worth 10 points.
In a bowling alley 10 pins are arranged in a triangular pattern.
In soccer, the jersey number of many of the best players, especially players from South America. Soccer legend Pelé instilled great prestige in the number in the 1960s and 70s, and perhaps other greats such as Argentina's Diego Maradona, France's Zinedine Zidane and today's Brazilian star Ronaldinho chose the number for that reason. FIFA declined to retire the number at Argentina's request in 2001.
The highest score possible in Olympics competitions.
In cricket, 10 is the number of wickets required to be taken by the bowling side for the batting side to be bowled out
In Australian rules football, considered the break even amount of games won in a regular 22 game season, especially by Richmond coach Terry Wallace.

In technology
Driving a racing car at ten-tenths is driving as fast as possible, on the limit.
Ten-codes are commonly used on emergency service radio systems.
Ten refers to the "meter band" on the radio spectrum between 28 and 29.7 MHz, used by amateur radio.
ASCII and Unicode code point for line feed
In MIDI, Channel 10 is reserved for unpitched percussion instruments.
In the Rich Text Format specification, all language codes for regional variants of the Spanish language are congruent to 10 mod 256.
In Mac OS X, the F10 function key tiles all the windows of the current application and grays the windows of other applications.
The IP addresses in the range (meaning the interval between and is reserved for use by Private networks by RFC 1918.

In other fields
Increasing a quantity by one order of magnitude is most widely understood to mean multiplying the quantity by ten.
The number of theatrical Star Trek films that have been released so far.
A collection of ten items (most often ten years) is called a decade.
A decapod crustacean has ten limbs.
To reduce something by one-tenth is to decimate. (In ancient Rome, the killing of one in ten soldiers in a cohort was the punishment for cowardice or mutiny; or, one-tenth of the able-bodied men in a village as a form of retribution, thus causing a labor shortage and threat of starvation in agrarian societies.)
With ten being the base of the decimal system, a scale of 1 to 10 is often used to rank things, as a smaller version of a 1-to-100 scale (as is used in percentages and wine-tasting).
Blake Edwards' 1979 movie 10.
Something that scores perfectly is "a perfect ten". A person who is attractive and physically flawless is often said to be "a ten", from the idea of ranking that person's appearance and sex-appeal on a 1-to-10 scale. For example, in the movie 10 Bo Derek is supposedly a "10" on that scale.
Counting from one to ten before speaking is often done in order to cool one's temper.
In astrology, Capricorn is the 10th astrological sign of the Zodiac.
In Chinese astrology, the 10 Heavenly Stems, refer to a cyclic number system that is used also for time reckoning.
The ordinal adjective is denary.
An online show hosted by Microsoft [2]
Ben 10 is a show about a boy that can transform into 10 aliens.
There is a practical joke where you ask someone to spell: "I-D-ten-T". It comes out looking like the word idiot: ID10T.
In tarot, card no. 10 is "the Wheel of Fortune"

Ten is:
Number of kingdoms in Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
House number of 10 Downing Street
The number of Provinces in Canada
The designation of United States Interstate 10, a freeway that runs from California to Florida.
A Japanese comic: Ten
Number of dots in a tetractys.

In Adoption
The number of months since our LID.

Alyzabeth An, every parent to be says it and so shall we. Never doubt that we will be coming for you as soon as we can. Never Ever Doubt It...


Connie said...

Wow...I learned a lot in that post!

Congrats on 10 behind you...let's hope it isn't many more.

rubyiscoming said...

you are TOO cool - great post and GREAT positive attitude~

Congrats on Numero 10!


Mom-of-5 said...

Great post !!
Hope that there are not too many more like 11,12,13....

Joannah said...

Wow! Who knew that ten was so interesting!

Happy #10! I hope you're nearing the end of your wait.

m said...

10! Who knew. Glad that your wait is growing shorter. I love the quilt. Wow. That is a going to be some baby blanket! I'm glad you got a picture of Leaa's cake. That was a masterpiece as well.
Good memories. Thanks again.

Nina, David & Ariel said...

Congratulations on your 10th month of pregnancy! Slowly... surely... you are edging closer to Alyzabeth, and she to you.